coexist in same enclosure

How You Can Keep Two Corn Snakes Together

Sharing a vivarium with a friend can be a great way to provide your corn snakes with social interaction and stimulation.

To keep two corn snakes together, start by providing a spacious 4x2x4 feet vivarium with separate hides and varied substrates to reduce stress and aggression. Proper ventilation, a secure top, and a stable heat gradient with UVB lighting are also essential.

Feeding them separately will prevent competition, and monitoring their size will help you keep the difference below 15%.

Regularly check for signs of stress, illness, and maintain a clean environment. When introducing them, do it gradually and watch for dominance signs.

By following these steps, you'll create a suitable shared habitat for your corn snakes and develop effective caretaking strategies.

Choosing the Right Vivarium

Choosing the right vivarium is essential to guarantee your two corn snakes have a safe and comfortable home. When housing two adult corn snakes together, you should aim for a large vivarium with a minimum size of 4x2x4 feet. This size provides each snake with enough space and hiding places, which is paramount for their well-being.

Consider vivarium stacks as a space-saving option if you're looking to house multiple snakes. Pro Reptile Vivarium BEECH 24×15.75×14.5 and Pro Reptile Vivarium BEECH 36×15.75×14.5 are both suitable for two corn snakes. These options not only conserve space but also provide the necessary room for your snakes to thrive.

When selecting a vivarium, pay attention to its size and shape. The enclosure should accommodate a variety of substrates, decorations, and hiding places to create a comfortable environment for your snakes. Remember, a well-decorated vivarium mimics the natural habitat and helps reduce stress for your corn snakes.

It's essential to choose a vivarium with a secure, escape-proof top. Corn snakes are adept escape artists, so a secure top can prevent any unexpected getaways. Additionally, make certain the vivarium is well-ventilated and equipped with a heat source and UVB lighting. Proper ventilation, temperature, and humidity levels are necessary to maintain a healthy living environment for your snakes.

Careful research and planning of your vivarium setup are necessary to meet the specific needs of corn snakes. By doing so, you're not only providing a safe and comfortable home but also fostering a healthy and thriving environment for your snakes.

Determining Snake Compatibility

When keeping two corn snakes together, you need to verify they're of similar size to prevent any issues.

Observing their temperament and behavior is also vital, as some snakes may not get along well with others.

Similar Size Matters

Ensuring your corn snakes are of similar size, with no more than a 10-15% difference, is essential to prevent issues like bullying and cannibalism. When you're keeping two corn snakes together, their size compatibility is vital for their well-being. Snakes of similar size are less likely to display aggressive behavior towards each other, which minimizes the risk of stress and injury.

When you're determining if your snakes can be kept together, consider the following factors:

  • Food stealing: A larger snake may steal food from a smaller one, leading to nutritional imbalances.
  • Hiding spots: Dominant snakes might monopolize hiding spots, causing stress to the smaller snake.
  • Health risks: A significant size difference can result in health issues for the smaller snake due to increased stress and potential injury.

Housing snakes with a size difference of more than 20% can lead to one snake becoming dominant, which can cause the smaller one to experience stress, limited access to food, and hiding places. Additionally, different sizes may mean different environmental and spatial requirements, making it difficult to create a suitable environment for both.

Temperament and Behavior

Beyond size, you must also consider the temperament and behavior of your corn snakes to determine their compatibility.

Each snake has its own unique personality, and these traits play a vital role in whether they can be successfully housed together. Corn snakes with aggressive or overly dominant tendencies should be kept separately to avoid stress or injury.

When evaluating temperament and behavior, observe how each snake interacts with its environment and how it responds to handling.

If one snake is particularly shy or reclusive, living together with a more active or bold snake mightn't be ideal. Similarly, if one snake is too dominant during feeding times, it can cause significant issues.

To facilitate a harmonious living arrangement, introducing the snakes gradually is key.

Start by placing their enclosures side by side so they can get used to each other's presence. After a period of acclimatization, you can try short supervised interactions.

Monitor them closely for signs of stress or aggression. If they seem to tolerate each other well, you can then move forward with housing them together.

Providing Adequate Hiding Spots

When housing two corn snakes, you've got to provide multiple hiding areas to reduce stress and territorial behavior.

Each snake needs its own size-appropriate shelter to feel secure.

This setup helps guarantee both snakes have a comfortable and safe environment.

Multiple Hiding Areas

Every corn snake needs its own hiding spot to feel secure and reduce stress.

When housing two adult snakes together, providing multiple hiding areas within the vivarium is crucial. This helps each snake feel safe and reduces the chances of territorial disputes. The viv size should be large enough to accommodate both snakes comfortably.

To guarantee your snakes have enough hiding spots, consider including:

  • Multiple Hides: Place at least two hides at different ends of the vivarium, so each snake can have its own space.
  • Natural Cover: Use plants, logs, or rocks to create additional hiding spots and mimic their natural environment.
  • Varied Heights: Offer hides at different heights to give your snakes a choice, catering to their climbing instincts.

Size-Appropriate Shelters

Making certain that the hides are size-appropriate is just as important as providing multiple hiding spots for your corn snakes. Your corn snakes will need shelters that are both comfortable and secure.

In a large viv, you should aim to have twice as many hides as you have snakes. This guarantees that each snake has multiple options and reduces the risk of competition or stress.

When selecting hides, verify they're large enough for your snakes to fit comfortably but not so large that they don't feel secure. A good rule of thumb is to have a mix of different-sized hides to accommodate your snakes as they grow. Look for hides that are snug but not too tight, allowing your snakes to touch the sides while inside, which helps them feel protected.

Place these hides at various points in the vivarium, preferably with some in cooler areas and others in warmer spots. This way, your snakes can regulate their body temperature while feeling safe.

Ensuring Proper Ventilation

Proper ventilation in your corn snake enclosure is essential to prevent respiratory issues and promote healthy skin shedding. Corn snakes need a well-ventilated house to thrive, and providing they've enough fresh air flow is key to their overall health. A minimum of 1-2 inches of ventilation space around the vivarium is recommended to keep the air moving effectively.

To facilitate proper ventilation, use a combination of mesh, grills, and air vents for both inlet and outlet vents to create a gentle air flow. Regularly clean and maintain the ventilation system to prevent dust, debris, and bacteria buildup, which can harm your corn snakes. Keep an eye on moisture levels, as good ventilation helps remove excess moisture, reducing the risk of fungal and bacterial growth.

Incorporating a good ventilation system helps maintain a stable temperature gradient within the enclosure. This allows corn snakes to regulate their body temperature effectively, which is vital for their well-being. Providing proper airflow removes stagnant air and prevents the enclosure from becoming too humid or dry.

When setting up the ventilation system in your corn snake house, place the vents strategically. Position the inlet vents near the bottom and the outlet vents near the top to encourage a natural circulation of air. This setup mimics their natural environment and makes it easier for your snakes to stay healthy.

Managing Space and Enrichment

To keep your two corn snakes happy and healthy, you'll need to guarantee their habitat is spacious enough for both of them.

Aim for an enclosure that's at least 40 gallons to give them enough room to move and explore.

Adding various environmental enrichments like hiding spots, climbing branches, and different textures will help keep them stimulated and active.

Optimal Habitat Size

A 4ft x 2ft x 4ft vivarium is the minimum recommended size for housing two adult corn snakes together, offering each snake around 16 square feet of space. This size guarantees they've enough room to thrive, reducing stress and territorial behavior. When you decide to house them together instead of separately, you're committing to creating an environment that promotes their well-being.

Providing a large vivarium is vital for their comfort and health.

  • Adequate Space: This size allows for multiple hiding places and climbing structures.
  • Temperature Gradients: Facilitating proper heat distribution is easier in a larger space.
  • Reduced Stress: Enough space helps minimize conflicts and stress.

A well-designed 4ft x 2ft x 4ft vivarium can accommodate the necessary enrichment items and hiding spots. Remember, you'll need twice as many hides as snakes to confirm each has a place to retreat to without feeling threatened. This setup helps mimic their natural environment, promoting a healthier and happier life for your corn snakes.

Your care and attention to creating the right habitat make a significant difference in their quality of life. By providing ample space and essential resources, you're facilitating your snakes can live together harmoniously.

Diverse Environmental Enrichment

Incorporate a variety of hides, like logs and rocks, to reduce stress and territorial behavior among your corn snakes. Diverse environmental enrichment is key in managing their shared space.

Adding branches, plants, and changing the substrate can stimulate their natural behaviors, reducing the risk of aggression. Each snake needs a minimum of 2-3 square feet of floor space to move freely and avoid feeling crowded.

Rotating enrichment elements every 1-2 weeks keeps your snakes engaged and prevents them from becoming too accustomed to their surroundings. Visual barriers, such as plants or dividers, help reduce visual stress and further minimize aggressive interactions.

These diverse elements create a more natural and stimulating environment, promoting the well-being of your pets.

When setting up their habitat, consider the snakes' needs for both hiding and exploring. This balance facilitates a healthy environment where they can thrive together.

By providing these enrichment options, you're not just making their home more interesting; you're actively contributing to their mental and physical health. Remember, a well-enriched environment is fundamental in maintaining harmony between co-habiting corn snakes.

Your efforts in creating a diverse and enriched habitat will be rewarded with healthier, happier snakes.

Feeding Strategies for Two

Feeding two corn snakes together requires careful planning to prevent competition and guarantee both snakes get enough food. To keep them together harmoniously, you'll need to adopt specific feeding strategies for two. Corn snake care is essential, and providing they both eat properly is a vital aspect of their wellbeing.

First, it's best to feed your corn snakes separately. Feeding them together can lead to competition, stress, and even injury. Place each snake in its own feeding container. This way, you can monitor their eating habits closely and confirm that each snake gets its appropriate meal.

Another strategy is to time their feeding sessions. Feed one snake first, then wait for it to finish before feeding the other. This approach minimizes the risk of them becoming aggressive or defensive over food. It also allows you to observe each snake's feeding behavior and verify they're comfortable.

Lastly, make sure to feed them the right diet for their size and age. Juvenile corn snakes need smaller, more frequent meals, while adults can handle larger, less frequent feedings. Pay attention to their growth and adjust their feeding regimen accordingly.

  • Feed separately: Use individual feeding containers.
  • Time their feedings: Stagger the sessions.
  • Size-appropriate diet: Tailor meals to their growth and age.

Monitoring Health and Behavior

While maintaining both corn snakes are well-fed is important, keeping a close watch on their health and behavior is equally essential. Monitoring your corn snakes for signs of stress, like changes in appetite, shedding, or unusual hiding behaviors, is imperative. Stressed or bullied snakes might exhibit dull or blushing skin, indicating they need intervention. Regularly checking for signs of illness, such as mites, ticks, or respiratory infections, is necessary as these issues can worsen with cohabitation.

Monitoring feeding habits is paramount. Dominant snakes may steal food, causing malnutrition or starvation in the subordinate snake. Regular weight checks and measurements help identify health issues or stress-related problems early on. This proactive approach guarantees both snakes thrive in their shared environment.

Signs to Monitor Possible Indications
Changes in Appetite Stress or Illness
Unusual Hiding Behaviors Bullying or Discomfort
Skin Changes (Dullness or Blushing) Stress or Need for Intervention

By understanding these signs, you can provide better care for your corn snakes. When you notice changes, address them promptly. For instance, if one snake consistently hides or loses weight, it might be stressed or bullied. Separating them temporarily can help identify and resolve the issue.

Your dedication to monitoring guarantees your corn snakes lead healthy, stress-free lives. Regularly inspect their enclosure for cleanliness and watch for any signs of illness. By being attentive and proactive, you're providing the best care possible, fostering a positive environment for your pets. Remember, your vigilance makes a significant difference in their well-being.

Handling Dominance Issues

To handle dominance issues between cohabiting corn snakes, add twice as many hides to the vivarium to guarantee each snake has its own space. This verifies one snake doesn't dominate the best hiding spots, reducing stress and promoting a healthier environment for both.

Feeding your corn snakes separately is vital. When housed together, dominant snakes might steal food, leading to nutritional imbalances and health issues for the submissive snake. By providing separate feeding areas, you can confirm each snake gets its fair share of food without competition.

Consider implementing visual barriers within the vivarium. These barriers can help to minimize direct interactions between the snakes, allowing each one to have its own territory and reducing the chances of bullying.

Key strategies to reduce dominance issues:

Add twice as many hides to the vivarium.

Feed your snakes separately to prevent food theft.

Use visual barriers to create separate territories.

Size differences can exacerbate dominance issues. Housing snakes of similar size together can help minimize bullying. If one snake is substantially larger, it's more likely to dominate and stress out the smaller one. Keeping them paired with similarly sized companions can create a more balanced and peaceful environment.

Monitoring behavior is essential. Pay close attention to signs of stress or aggression. If you notice persistent issues, it might be necessary to house the snakes separately. While keeping corn snakes together can be rewarding, it requires careful management and attention to detail. By addressing dominance issues proactively, you can create a harmonious home for both of your snakes.

Cleaning and Maintenance Tips

A clean and well-maintained vivarium is essential for preventing diseases and guaranteeing your corn snakes stay healthy. To achieve this, you'll need to follow a routine cleaning schedule and pay attention to the small details.

Set aside 10-15 minutes each week to clean the vivarium. During this time, remove any feces and uneaten food immediately, as these can harbor bacteria and produce odors. Make sure to clean the water bowl and hiding places regularly to keep bacterial growth at bay.

Use a 50/50 mix of water and white vinegar when cleaning. This solution is effective in cleaning the vivarium and its accessories without introducing harsh chemicals. After cleaning, rinse everything thoroughly to confirm there's no residue left that could harm your corn snakes.

Perform cleaning tasks when your snakes aren't in the vivarium. This reduces stress on them and makes the process safer for you. Ideally, clean the vivarium during the day when the snakes are most active and likely to be out and about.

Always have a spare RUB (a plastic tub with air holes) handy. This allows you to temporarily house your corn snakes while you clean their main enclosure. Regularly clean and maintain the RUB to prevent bacterial growth, guaranteeing it's always ready for use.

Preparing for Emergencies

In the event of an emergency, being prepared can make all the difference in safeguarding your corn snakes' safety and well-being. Having a plan in place allows you to act quickly and confidently, minimizing stress and risk for your pets.

Make sure you have a spare RUB (Really Useful Box) with air holes, a heat mat, and a thermostat. These items are vital if you need to separate your snakes due to illness or injury, providing each snake with a safe, controlled environment without delay.

Establish a relationship with a reptile-savvy veterinarian. Knowing where to go for emergency vet visits can prevent critical delays. Make a list of nearby vets and keep their contact information handy. This helps you act swiftly if one of your corn snakes needs immediate medical attention.

Assemble a snake first aid kit. This should include antibacterial ointment and bandages for minor injuries. Having these supplies readily available can help you address small issues before they become big problems.

Spare RUB (plastic tub), heat mat, and thermostat

Contact information for reptile-savvy veterinarians

Snake first aid kit with antibacterial ointment and bandages

Keep a record of feeding schedules, temperatures, and humidity levels. This helps you monitor your snakes' health and identify potential issues early. In addition, arrange for a trusted snake-sitter or backup caretaker. This guarantees your snakes will be well cared for if you're unavailable due to an emergency.


By following these steps, you'll create a safe and comfortable environment for your two corn snakes.

Choose the right vivarium, check for compatibility, and provide plenty of hiding spots.

Guarantee proper ventilation and manage space wisely.

Regularly monitor their health and behavior, and be prepared to handle any dominance issues.

Keep their habitat clean and be ready for emergencies.

With careful attention, your corn snakes can thrive together in a shared space.

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